Why Are Passports So Expensive? UK Pricing Breakdown

pounds sterling

What are the most important possessions you carry with you when travelling the world? Many people would say it’s their smartphone (and they wouldn’t be wrong, to be fair), but passports are at least number two on that list.

In the UK (and many other places), your passport is a vital travel document required to visit another country. Although its intended purpose may vary between regions, it’s an essential part of the bureaucratic process people go through, and the loss of your passport will result in massive delays.

So, if they’re so important, why doesn’t the government give them to every citizen for free? And why do British passports cost what they cost? Let’s try and get to the bottom of this.



Are Passports Expensive In First Place?

This is subject to discussion, as the very definition of the word will differ among people with different incomes and mentalities.

man counting money

The current UK passport price ranges from the relatively cheap fee of £49 to the whopping £152 depending on the age of the holder, type of submission (online or offline), processing time and the frequency with which the applicant wants to travel abroad in the future.

We should also mention that His Majesty’s Passport Office can issue your new travel document for free, but there’s one important condition to meet here. You see, this benefit is only available to those aged at least 93 years. It’s needless to say that the absolute majority of England’s population cannot renew for free.

So, your new passport costs somewhere between £49 and £152, even if it’s not the first time you get it and you just want to renew.

Would you say that it’s pricey? In our opinion, it is. Still, we ought to break down the full price list, as you don’t have to pay the maximum and there are some saving tricks you want to know about before renewing your document.

How Expensive Are Passports Exactly?

woman using calculator

Let’s go over the whole list in ascending order:

  • The British government can issue free passports for people born on or before 2 September 1929. Be it online submission or application by paper form, the applicant won’t be charged a single penny.

  • If a passport is issued for a child under 16, it will be £58.50 (or £49 in case the applicant submits it online). However, this is what you’d need to pay for the standard 34-page passport. There is also an ‘extended’ version with 50 pages in it, and this one will cost £68.50 or £59 for offline or online submission respectively.

Why the 50-page format? The thing is, passports with that many pages are issued for those who travel a lot. Many countries require at least one blank page in your passport to register the validity of your entry, either in form of a stamp or visa.

  • Then, an adult looking to get or renew his or her passport will have to pay more: it’ll be either £85 or £75.50 depending on the chosen type of application. But if the applicant travels frequently and wants enough space in his or her document to include every destination, the new passport will then cost £95 or £85.50 accordingly.

  • If you want to have your documents renewed from abroad, the fees remain the same, but you also have to pay the additional courier fee of £19.86. So bear that in mind if you want to renew from another country.

  • Finally, the most expensive edition of the British passport is the one issued through the fast-track procedure which allows you to get a new document in one week only. The adult passport will cost £142 and the child one is £122 (the versions for travellers cost £10 more each). Unfortunately, you can fast-track only offline (for example, at a post mail office), so there will be no price reduction for applying online. Well, at least you won’t have to wait for weeks!

Why So Much? UK Passport Pricing Explained

If we compare the current renewal fees to the ones from 30 years ago, today it costs 5+ times more. To be precise, a standard passport cost £18 in 1992, £21 in 1998… and now, after several hikes, it’s at £85 (if ordered offline). Where does this cost come from?

jar of coins

Unfortunately, the British government’s most recent official answer to that question dates from 2011. Of course, the prices in this 11-year-old document are obsolete, but they were 100% valid at the time. This means we can get the general principle of pricing by looking at the adult passport cost breakdown provided by the Identity and Passport Service (the department now known as HM Passport Office):

  • Application Processing: £31.60
  • FCO Consular Premium: £15.62

  • Production & Personalisation of Book: £10.79

  • Delivery: £3.30

  • Overhead/Administration: £16.19

Some of the changes in the costs may have been caused by the ever-present normal inflation, structural changes at the passport office, decreases in the number of applicants and significant production expenses. And don’t forget that many states, Great Britain included, have implemented e-passports, which has also led to extra expenses.

Still, the main price rise factor seems to be the set of anti-fraud measures that the government has to taketoo prevent identity theft and keep the citizens’ personal information safe. Technology moves forward at an unprecedented pace, and, sadly, technological fraud is becoming more and more advanced, too. The world’s governments have to increase the security of their official documents, hence the rising prices.

Passport Prices In Other Countries

As big as the fee for obtaining a valid United Kingdom passport may seem to us, it’s actually pretty far from being the highest. After all, the values of things are sometimes better determined by comparing them to their likes.

documents on map of the world

The British passport prices aren’t that high if we compare them to the data from the 2021 research conducted by SavingSpot. Let’s look at the fees in several other countries (both in Europe and Asia; converted to pounds):

USA: £130

Australia: £202

Canada: £112

Italy: £127

France: £95

Switzerland: £131

Germany: £66

Denmark: £92

Japan: £138

If seen in comparison with their counterparts from abroad, UK documents aren’t that pricey, and many governments of Europe charge way more.

euros of different value

And some of the most expensive passports are issued in the following several countries (the fees are converted from USD per the exchange rate actual in September 2022 and arranged in ascending order):

  • Malawi (£106)

  • Burundi (£109)

  • Yemen (£120)

  • Congo (£167)

  • Antigua & Barbuda (£271)

The list may also be rearranged if we measure the cost of a passport in hours of work (based on the average national wage of the country):

  • Sierra Leone (370.0)

  • Burundi (508.3)

  • Antigua & Barbuda (833.3)

  • Congo (973.7)

  • Malawi (983.3)

Most Expensive Passport In The World: Which One Is It?

As high as the prices listed above are, there is a document which costs even more. Currently, the most expensive passport in the world is issued in Syria. Today, one will need to pay a whopping £720 or so to get a Syrian passport. In comparison, less than a decade ago the government issued it for the small price of £8 only.

And What Is Cheapest Passport To Buy?

Now, this is interesting: the world’s cheapest passport costs nothing and is issued to the citizens of Madagascar for free!

UK Passport Is Expensive But You Can Cheapen It

Nevertheless, the British passport still seems pretty costly. Thankfully, there is an option for those who want to save money: try taking a photo for it yourself! You don’t even need to go anywhere, as your nearest option is already here: you only need your smartphone, tablet or PC.

man taking selfie

First, look through the requirements to make sure you follow them (for instance, you can’t have glasses on a passport photo). And our free website PhotoBooth Online can help you with that. Visit our service page and have your compliant picture done in a moment, then either print the resulting file or use it in your online application. Renewing your documents has become cheaper: not only will you spend less money, but you will also save time, and that’s a truly priceless resource.